The first historical record of the Celts was by the Greeks about 700 BC,
the Celts were a loose grouping of tribes that lived in an area north of
the Alps around the Danube river in central Europe.
Over the next few hundred years they spread east and west across Europe.
The Celts first arrived in Ireland about 500 BC, there is no reliable
information on how or when the Celts became the dominant Irish ethnic group.
It is thought that the Celts arrived gradually, spreading slowly across the country, a process
that could have taken several hundred years. By the fifth century AD and
the arrival of Christianity, the Celtic language was being spoken all over
the island of Ireland.
Newgrange the tri-spiral design
is often referred to as a Celtic design, however it was carved at least
2500 years before the Celts reached Ireland. Megalithic
mounds entered Celtic mythology as sídhe or fairy mounds, Brugh na
Bóinne (Newgrange) was the home of Oengus (Aonghus) the god of love.
It was said that Oengus never aged while he lived at Brugh na Bóinne.
The Celtic Race never really existed in the way that we understand the
term today. They were a loose amalgam of tribes, communities and disparate
groups that come together for shared purposes such as defence, worship,
trading and hunting. Unlike the Classical civilisations of Greece and Rome
the Celts left little behind that scholars today can classify with any
degree of certainty. The Celts were primarily of an oral tradition,
however they did have a from of writing call Ogam or Ogham.
The Celtic ogham script was used in Ireland from the fourth century AD
to the eighth century AD. The script consisting of stokes or notches where
were cut into wood or along the edge of a standing stone. It was a clumsy
method of marking, based on groups of one to five stokes for each letter,
and was used only for short inscriptions, such as grave markers or
memorials. It is speculated that the script is much older than it seems,
and was originally based on a type of sign-language used by the druids,
using the five fingers.
The Old News
documentary suggesting western European Celts explored America's heartland.
Archaeoastronomical alignments, Ancient Celtic Ogham writing, engraved constellation
maps and anthropomorphic carvings tell a story that overwhelms traditional archaeologists.